Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs

This page of is about bed bugs and I explain and provide detailed information about them. You will find information on the following topics: Bed Bug Infestation, Your Ultimate Guide, What Are Bed Bugs?, Anatomy Of Bed Bugs, What Do Bed Bugs Look Like? Bed Bug Life Cycle.

Also, you can find Where Do Bed Bugs Come From? 6 Signs Of Bed Bug Infestation, How To Check For Bed Bugs? Bed Bug Infestation In Hotel Rooms, How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs In Your Home? How To Prevent Bed Bug Infestation And Re-infestation?

Infestation of Bedbugs – Your Complete Guide

My web contains the most comprehensive guide to bed bug infestation. By reading this guide, you’ll learn about the causes and signs of bed bug infestations. 

Moreover, you’ll learn how to identify bed bugs and not be fooled by bugs that look like them. 

And the best part? You’ll learn why DIY methods for getting rid of bed bugs always fail.

What Are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs are biting insects that inhabit human dwellings. To live, they feed solely on the blood of humans and mammals. 

Cimicidae is an insect in the family of insects known as bed bugs (Cimex Lectularius). Cave-dwelling bedbugs are descended from bat-feeding bugs that infest homes today. 

Cave dwellers began consuming human blood after moving into caves. In the later agricultural period, humans started settling in colonies instead of caves, They followed along with the bed bugs.

In the intervening years, bed bugs and humans have developed a relationship similar to that of parasites and hosts. 

A bed bug bites you when you’re sleeping or stationary for a long period of time. Pets such as dogs and cats, birds, and rodents can also be bitten by bed bugs. 

Bed Bug Anatomy: How Do They Look?

Bed bugs look similar to many other bugs. In the absence of knowledge about bed bugs, you will confuse them with other insects.

Therefore, you would choose the wrong treatment process, which would not eliminate bed bugs.

So let’s take a look at what a bed bug looks like so that you can identify them just like a pest control professional.  

Bed bugs are flat and oval-shaped. Their flat shape enables them to hide in the thinnest of gaps. At a first look, a full-grown adult bed bug looks like an apple seed.

A bed bug’s color is reddish-brown. Adult bed bugs can measure up to 7 millimeters in length. 

Neither bed bugs nor their female counterparts show a significant difference. It is important to note, however, that the females are smaller than the males. 

Females have curvy abdomens, whereas males have a conical ending. There are three main parts to a bed bug’s body – their head, thorax, and abdomen. 


Two antennae are mounted on the top of the small and easily recognizable head. 

Two eyes are present on the head. It is difficult to see them. Bed bugs have compound eyes, which makes them unique.

Every compound eye has layers of repeating units called ommatidia that form its structure. A bed bug’s eyes are sensitive to movement when it has this feature, according to the Center for Disease Control.

An elongated tube in the mouth enlarges when the bed bug is ready to suck blood. Known as a proboscis, this tiny tube is located under the mouth. 

Before withdrawing blood from the body, the proboscis injects anticoagulant saliva. A bite from a bed bug causes itching because the saliva is anti-coagulating.

0.05″ of blood is sucked by a bed bug after a single bite.

Bed bugs use their antennas as sensory organs. The antennae of bedbugs are much like those of cockroaches in helping them find their hosts. 


There is a thorax after the head. There are two parts to the thorax, the prothorax, and the main thorax.

There is a concave portion of the prothorax that runs laterally below the head. It’s convenient for many entomologists to assume it’s the neck of the bed bug. 

However, it doesn’t perform any neck-related functions.

The main thorax follows the prothorax and is attached to two pairs of legs. A pronotum is composed of the prothorax and the main thorax. 

There are wing pads behind the pronotum. However, the wing pads do not form wings. Bed bugs therefore cannot fly. 


An abdomen consists of 11 segments, which is the most significant component of a bed bug’s body.

However, the central belly, where the hosts’ blood goes, is in the second and fifth segments from the top. This section enlarges when the bed bugs eat a large amount of blood. 

As soon as you touch bed bugs, you’ll feel as if you’re handling leather. 

The reason is that their bodies are sclerotized. The process occurs when insects produce sclerotin, a structural protein that hardens their bodies.

Male and female bed bugs can be distinguished by the shape of their abdomens. In contrast, the female’s abdomen is curved or rounded, while the male has a pointed end. 

The genitalia of both female and male bed bugs can be found inside the abdomen.  

Three pairs of legs make up the bed bug’s legs. Two pairs are attached to the thorax. 

There are two more pairs of legs attached to the abdomen. 

In order to crawl, their legs are equipped with tiny claws for gripping surfaces and human skin. The bed bug is a decent crawler, and it can crawl 4 feet per minute.

The legs of bed bugs lack suction pads, so they cannot climb smooth surfaces.

An abdomen has tiny, bristle-like hairs at the ends, which are not visible to the naked eye. A seta is a sensory structure that works in tandem with the antennae and eye to help bedbugs detect vibrations on the ground. 

A setae’s role in cockroaches is similar to that of a cerci’s. 

The bed bug’s skeleton is located outside its body, like the skeletons of all insects. It is for this reason that their skeletons are called exoskeletons. 

The bed bug’s exoskeleton must be shed in order to grow. This process is called molting, which you’ll learn more about in the following section.

Bed Bug Life Cycle

How important is it for you to understand how bed bugs reproduce?

It is due to two reasons:

  1. You will understand how bed bugs spread in your home. Every stage of the bed bug life cycle is crucial to bed bug infestation.
  2. The ideal conditions in which bed bugs thrive will be revealed to you. Bedbugs can’t be eliminated from home unless the sources of their existence are eliminated. 

You’ll find out how bed bugs develop in this part of the article. You’ll also learn how your blood plays a role in bed bug development.

A bed bug adult male awakens after a blood meal and is ready for mating. It is known as traumatic insemination that bed bugs use to reproduce. 

Male bed bugs insert their reproductive organs into a different area of a female bed bug rather than into the female’s genitalia. 

The organ is referred to as the Organ of Berlese. Bed bugs release their sperm into this organ. 

Upon arriving at the female bed bug’s ovaries, the sperm fertilizes her.

A cavity-like wound appears on the body of the female bed bug after it has been stabbed. The female must heal this wound before she can lay eggs.

Because several male bed bugs stab a single female bed bug during mating, the process is traumatic for the female bed bugs.

The female bed bug leaves the gathering to escape the abuse. She hides in a new place where she lays her eggs.

A study has shown that bed bug females who are not stabbed lay 25% more eggs than those who have mated repeatedly. 

In your opinion, what significance does it have with a bed bug infestation?

When laying eggs without a male present, a single female bed bug brought into your home can cause a massive infestation. When she can suck your blood regularly, she can lay eggs multiple times.

In general, the more times she sucks blood from your body, the more eggs she’ll produce. A female bed bug can lay 113 eggs during her entire life span of one year.

The female bed bug can lay up to 7 eggs in one day after taking a blood meal. More blood meals are necessary to produce more eggs.

Baby bed bugs, or nymphs, hatch from these eggs and go through five molting stages before they become adults.

During each molt, the nymphs become instars. As such, the first nymph is known as the instar-1. The fifth instar is the instar before the animal molts into an adult.

What do you think? That’s true, in fact.

However, one critical element allows the nymphs to pass from one stage to the next. It’s your blood. 

Before they can molt into the next instar stage and ultimately become adults, nymphs need to feed on your blood. If they don’t receive your blood, the nymphs won’t be able to molt into the subsequent stages and will die.

The following are 8 facts about bed bug eggs –

  1. Following a blood meal, a female bed bug will produce 2-7 eggs per day for 10 days. 
  2. A female bed bug can lay up to 20 eggs in a day if she has multiple blood meals during the day.
  3. More or less, the same number of male and female bed bugs hatch from the eggs.
  4. One adult female bed bug can lay 113 eggs in her lifetime.
  5. The females of bed bugs lay their eggs individually or in groups throughout the room. 
  6. The hatch rate of eggs at room temperature is 97%. 
  7. Six days is the average age at which eggs hatch. Ninety percent of eggs hatch when they are nine days old or older.
  8. The temperature between 70°F and 90°F is ideal for the female bed bugs to lay their eggs. Many homes are at this temperature. During this temperature range and in the presence of a host, the bed bug population doubles every 16 days.

Let’s now examine the nymph development time. A bed bug’s instar stages before it becomes an adult.

The nymphs must meet two requirements to molt from one instar stage to the next. There is a perfect temperature, which is 70° to 90° F in your room, and there is a host, which is yourself.

As soon as they hatch out of the egg, instar-1 stage nymphs begin seeking blood meals. Following the blood meal, the nymph remains in the same stage for 5-7 days before molting into the next stage. 

A newly hatched nymph usually seeks blood within 24 hours of hatching. A nymph must molt for two to three more days if the temperature is lower or higher.

It will remain in that nymph stage until it finds a host for a blood meal if the nymph cannot get a host for a blood meal. In that particular instar stage, the nymph will die if it does not receive its blood meal. 

If the bed bug infestation has gotten out of control, most bed bug exterminators recommend vacating the home. 

As nymphs, bed bugs hatch from eggs after 37 days and go through all five nymphal stages before becoming reproductive adults.

When nymphs are instar-1, the death rate is the highest. The nymphs in star-1 are tiny and don’t have developed legs to travel long distances to reach a host.

Newly hatched bed bugs die due to starvation if the adult bed bugs lay their eggs far from the hosts’ main resting place, like a bed or couch. Their first blood meal is not possible because they cannot reach the host.

However, bed bug nymphs will survive 80% of the time when the temperature is right and host availability is sufficient.

It is crucial to eliminate bed bugs’ eggs as well as nymphs when it comes to getting rid of bed bugs. Bed bugs can’t be permanently eradicated by DIY methods or sprays that kill only adult bed bugs. 

People may experience bed bug re-infestation after the first treatment or even after the second one. 

What is the maximum time bed bugs can survive without blood meals? In the United States, bed bugs can survive without blood for not more than 70 days.

Bed bugs cannot survive for more than 70 days without feeding, no matter what stage of life they are in.

Note that bedbugs die from dehydration, not starvation. Why? 

Because bed bugs do not have a source of hydration other than blood. Bed bugs are most at risk from dehydration in homes and apartments. 

One of the reasons bed bugs pack themselves into tight spaces is to create a microhabitat of liveable temperature and humidity. 

They are thus better able to survive periods of starvation or unavailability of hosts. Bedbugs breed and spread when temperatures are right and hosts are easy to reach. 

However, where do bed bugs come from? What caused them to find their way into your home?

From Where Do Bed Bugs Come?

As you have read at the beginning of the post, bed bugs can be found anywhere there are humans.

Human activity is the primary cause of bed bug infestations in your home. 

However, you’re not intentionally responsible for bed bug infestations. One thing in life that you may refer to as ‘sh*t happens’ is bed bug infestations. 

What are the causes of bed bugs? There is a straightforward answer to this, and it is human activity.

Let me explain.

It’s not like ants or termites which use underground pathways or exploit cracks and gaps to get into your home. Bed bugs seem to come out of nowhere.

The bed bug is a good hitchhiker. It doesn’t matter what you bring home, they can latch on to it and begin an infestation. 

Any item you bring into your home, including suitcases, luggage, clothing, furniture, and cardboard boxes, can harbor bed bugs. 

Bed bugs can also be introduced by guests, especially when their homes have an active infestation. Bed bugs hiding in drawers can latch on to their clothes, and then they can transmit them to your house. 

Your friends will wear clothes with bed bugs on them, and there you go, bed bugs in the car. It is not only possible for bed bugs to latch onto your clothing from your car, but they can also infest baby car seats. 

You can also get bed bugs in your rental if you have frequent tenants moving in and out. 

Bed bugs can also infest your office chair. You will catch those bed bugs on your clothes and bring them into your house. 

Imagine entering your home with a fertilized female bed bug. Then, it will only be a matter of time before an infestation of bed bugs goes over the roof. 

Bed bugs can also enter your home if you purchase second-hand beds, furniture, clothing, antiques, and stay in a hotel. 

The bed bugs in a hotel room can latch onto luggage or a backpack and hitchhike the rest of the way to your house.

You should be aware of bed bugs’ presence in the hotel room you’re about to stay in.

A thorough inspection of the bed and wardrobe in the hotel room is the best way to find any hiding bed bugs.

Once bed bugs are inside your home, they can crawl from room to room till they find an appropriate place to hide. 

Bed bugs like to hide in the following places:

  1. There are small cracks and gaps in the furniture, walls, and floor.
  2. In the inseams and gaps of upholstery, such as accent chairs and sofas.
  3. In the seams of mattresses.
  4. The Box Springs area.
  5. The headboards.
  6. Drawers in the dresser.
  7. Cribs for babies.
  8. The carpets and rugs.

In your home, you can find bed bugs hiding in the eight places mentioned above. 

Unlike other common home pests such as cockroaches and ants, bed bugs do not make nests. These pests feed on filth and waste, but bed bugs don’t.

Cleanliness has nothing to do with bed bug infestations since bed bugs have nothing to do with whether or not the home is expensive, clean, or dirty. Human blood is what bed bugs rely on to reproduce and live.

It is therefore possible to have bed bugs even in a clean five-star hotel. 

A bed bug infestation is more common in poor neighborhoods due to the inability of their dwellers to pay for a bed bug treatment for their homes.

The cost of bed bug treatment is high. Heat treatment is the only way to get rid of bed bugs permanently. 

You can, however, eliminate bed bugs even if you’re unable to afford them if you’re aware and eagle-eyed during the initial stages of an infestation. 

There are some bug species that look like bed bugs that are parasites of bats or birds. Bat bugs and swallow bugs are examples. 

Blood is the main source of food for these bugs. However, when their hosts aren’t around, they can bite and feed on human blood too. 

In commercial buildings and places like apartment garages, swallows often build nests. Once they get into human dwellings, they can cause an infestation.

Bed worms are another type of bug that you could find in your bed. However, bed worms are not bedbugs. These are the larvae of pests like carpet beetles and moths.

6 Signs Of Bed Bug Infestation

Now Let’s get to the point. 

Until now, you have learned what bed bugs look like, how they spread, and how they stay alive in your home. 

It’s time to identify the vital signs of bed bug infestation. It is important to remember that bed bug signs are subtle during the early stages of an infestation. 

If you’re alert enough to notice those signs, you might be able to prevent the problem from worsening. Without spending a fortune, it is possible to get rid of bed bugs.

You’ll also find out how to check for signs of bed bug infestation in this section.

Let’s look at 6 signs of bedbug infestation first. 

#1 Physical Sightings Of Live Bed Bugs

A physical sighting of live bed bugs is the best indication of a bed bug infestation.

However, there’s a catch. 

When bed bug infestation has gone through the roof, physical evidence of bed bugs can be seen. 

There are bed bugs that are sneaky creatures, and they do not like to roam around. Except when they’re searching for a host for their blood meal, they prefer to stay hidden. 

When you see bed bugs wandering around your house, you can be sure they’ve multiplied a lot and have run out of hiding places. Thus, they’re trying to find a new hiding place. 

If you consistently see live bed bugs in your home, instead of trying anything, hire a bed bug exterminator as soon as possible. 

#2 Bed Bug Bite Marks On Your Body

Bed bug bites appear as itchy, irritating, and painful red lumps. 

The bed bug will crawl and bite multiple places on your body before having its blood meal. As a result of this probing, the bed bugs bite in multiple places on your body, leaving behind a string of bed bug bites.

Once it reaches a capillary space on your body, it stops sucking blood fast. As soon as the bed bug finds the right place, it settles down and starts sucking your blood for 5-10 minutes. 

Because of this, bite marks always end with the biggest red lump.

When it’s full, it will leave you and go back to its hiding place near your bed.

Bed bugs feed every three to seven days. Almost always, after feeding, they hide and remain idle to digest their blood meal. Bed bugs are also difficult to spot for this reason.

A bed bug bite is most likely to occur on the face, on the knees, on the waist, and on the neck. If you live in an infested home, then you should always wear comfortable clothing that doesn’t leave any portion of your body exposed while you sleep.

The reason is that bed bugs cannot bite through clothing. You will definitely bite yourself if they are inside your clothes.

Bed bug bite marks have one drawback. You may not have bed bug bite marks if you are not allergic to bed bug bites or if your body does not react to the saliva that bed bugs inject while biting. 

In that instance, someone else in your home will have bite marks from bed bugs, but you won’t. There shouldn’t be a reason not to get rid of bed bugs or to let the infestation grow just because you don’t have bed bug bite marks. 

When they bite you, bed bugs do not spread any diseases. Although bed bugs contain pathogens, it is unlikely that they would transmit those pathogens to humans. 

Researchers have identified at least 27 pathogens in bed bugs, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and parasitic worms.

It is impossible for these agents to reproduce or multiply inside bed bugs, and they do not survive for long inside bed bugs. There is no evidence that bed bugs can transmit any disease through bites or infected feces, including hepatitis B and HIV.

The presence of bed bugs can lead to discomfort, sleeplessness, anxiety, and embarrassment. According to some health experts, living with bed bugs can significantly impact an individual’s emotional health and well-being.

The only discomfort caused by bed bug bites is itching and inflammation. Some doctors prescribe antibiotic ointments and antiseptics to relieve the itching and pain caused by bed bug bites. 

It can take two weeks for bed bug bites to cause pain and discomfort.  

#3 Blood Stains On Your Bed

In some cases, bed bugs that have fed on your blood will be so full they will be unable to crawl out of your bed.

When you twist and turn while sleeping, you’ll crush those bed bugs with your body weight. Bloodstain marks will appear as rusty red dots. 

In some cases, you may find a crushed dead bed bug on your bed. 

#4 Bed Bug Feces Marks On Your Bed

Bed bugs can also leave feces marks on your clothes in drawers (where bed bugs hide), bed sheets, mattresses, and pillow covers. 

These marks are caused by bed bug poop. The feces of bed bugs are always liquid because they feed solely on blood. 

The feces then dry up quickly, causing dark spots to form.

Fecal spots are darker and smaller than bed bug bloodstains. Fecal spots are difficult to remove from fabric. 

#5 Bed Bug Egg Cases And Shells

Rather than showing up on their own, you would need to look for bed bug egg cases and shells as a sign of infestation.

Both of them are often found in the hiding places of bed bugs. You might also find them in cracks and crevices on the floor and on the wall if your home suffers from a heavy bed bug infestation. 

All you need to do is insert a thin piece of paper or your credit card into these cracks in order to locate them. Then slowly pull it out. 

On the paper or card, you’d find egg cases, unhatched eggs, molted bed bug shells, and even nymphs or adult bed bugs.

#6 Musty Bed Bug Odor

In the same way that cockroaches emit a musty odor, bed bugs do as well. In homes where bed bugs are infested heavily, this odor is quite noticeable. 

Bugs and insects communicate with each other using pheromones that they secrete from their glands.

It is impossible to detect this odor if the infestation is minor or moderate. Because of this, relying solely on bed bug smells to detect bed bug infestations isn’t the best option. 

If you can smell it, it’s a clear sign that the bed bug infestation in your home has gotten out of hand. Your home should be treated for bed bugs by a bed bug exterminator.

How To Check For Bed Bugs?

Knowing where bed bugs hide and the signs of a bed bug infestation will make checking for bed bugs a wind. 

Due to the small size of bed bugs, you need the right tools to detect them. There’s no need for anything more than a flashlight, a credit card, and a magnifying glass. 

Start by checking the seams on your bed mattress. Before you begin inspecting, remove the bed sheets, comforters, and pillowcases. 

During the day, you can also check for bed bugs, although you may prefer to do so during the evening. 

Turn off the lights if you’re checking for bed bugs after sunset. Darkness can spur bed bugs to move, making them easier to spot since they are nocturnal creatures. 

Gently scrub the edges of the seams of the mattress with a credit card or a toothpick. You will get live bed bugs, bed bug nymphs, eggs, and shells stuck on your card or your toothpick.

You shouldn’t miss this place when looking for bed bugs. There are box springs here.

Box springs are a favorite hiding place for bed bugs. The seams and underneath, where the box rests on the frame, are where bed bugs hide. 

If an underlying dust cover is present, remove it to look for hidden bed bugs. 

The bed frames should also be examined for cracks and gaps, especially if they are wooden. Wood and fabric make better hiding places for bed bugs than metal and plastic. 

Make sure all wooden support boards are removed and that bed bugs aren’t present. Where the mattress ends rest on the frame is where bed bugs gather.

You should also look for hiding spots in screw holes and other recesses.

The headboard should be removed and thoroughly inspected for bed bugs. One of the favorite hiding places for bed bugs is between the headboard and the wall. 

Items under beds are also a common hiding place for bed bugs. Remove any storage under your bed and inspect each item and the storage area. 

There is no distance greater than six feet between bed bugs and the place where their hosts sleep. In other words, you need to check all of the furniture and decor, such as carpets or rugs, within a 6-foot radius of your room for bed bugs. 

The gaps and cracks in the floor and wall should not be skipped. In the case of hard surfaces, bed bugs can survive in the gaps. 

Ensure the floor and wall junctions are in good condition, especially when you have wooden floors. They are the preferred hiding spots for bed bugs. 

Bed bugs can be found in some unlikely places. When bed bugs are heavily infested and conventional hiding places are full, these places become attractive. 

Curtains and drapes, picture frames, gaps around windows and doors, alarm clocks, lamps, and portable electronic devices are all places to check. 

Closet and wardrobe drawers should be checked. Fabrics that you keep in these places are excellent hiding places for bed bugs. 

Make sure that the flashlight is positioned correctly during the inspection. Be slow and attentive when inspecting. If you hurry, then you may skip the bed bugs. 

Hotel bed bug infestations

Bed bugs aren’t just found in your home. Bed bug infestations can also be found in offices, hospitals, daycares, schools, and hotels. Bedbugs are quite common in these places, so you may introduce them into your home from there.

It is easy for bed bugs to latch onto your clothing or luggage if you have stayed in a hotel room with bedbugs while traveling. You would bring them into your home without even being aware that you had done so.

Therefore, you should check for them before settling into your hotel room and remain vigilant about their presence. 

You can find bedbugs in the places you learned about in the post once you check in. 

Keep your luggage off the floor or the bed the moment you enter the room as a precaution. Place it instead on an elevated hard surface, such as a stand or table. 

The majority of bed bug infestations in hotels are localized, often occurring in just a few rooms. It is possible for bed bugs to survive even in rooms with air conditioning.

In the event that bedbugs are discovered, you can request another room, preferably in another part of the hotel. That’s because an infestation of bedbugs can spread to adjacent rooms.

If another room is not available, then you may request a refund. You should put all the clothing directly into the washer/dryer after returning home if you’re itching on your skin. 

Due to the difficulty of spotting bedbugs in luggage, inspecting or vacuuming suitcases is time-consuming and overwhelming. 

If you have bedbugs in your suitcases or luggage, steam cleaning is your best option. Steam clean the infested luggage. Steam cleaners use heat to kill bedbugs hiding within the luggage.

What Is The Best Way To Get Rid Of BedBugs In Your Home?

Treatment for bedbugs is expensive. However, in most cases, hiring a bed bug exterminator is better than trying to handle the situation yourself. But why?

There are several reasons for this. 

First of all, bedbugs are tough bugs to kill. Over time, they’ve become more resistant. 

Several pesticides and aerosol sprays are no longer effective against bedbugs. It’s just that those things don’t work as well against bedbugs as they used to.

Bed bug bombs are also ineffective. This is because bug bombs have a limited killing capacity. When you use them, it causes bugs like bedbugs and fleas to hide in different places.

Furthermore, bug bombs and sprays do not have residual toxicity that can spread from bedbug to bedbug. This renders them almost useless.

Heat treatment is the only bed bug treatment that guarantees a 100% kill rate. The price of heat treatment varies depending on the level of infestation.

In case you are planning to hire a bed bug exterminator to handle the job, then ask him the right questions first. 

What can you do if you are on a budget or cannot afford a bed bug treatment? 

There are a few steps you can take. 

Your home should be vacuumed or steam cleaned first, preferably steam cleaning. By vacuuming your house, you can remove adult bedbugs, nymphs, and bed bug eggs. 

The problem is that steam cleaning does not only remove bedbugs, it also kills them since bedbugs cannot withstand heat.

The second is to encase your mattresses. The encasement will prevent bedbugs from biting you if bedbugs are hiding in the mattresses. 

The third step is to remove clutter from your home. There is nothing worse than a cluttered home for hiding bedbugs. 

Don’t let your home become cluttered, and you’ll have fewer bedbugs and pests that hide in clutter.

There is a post dedicated to removing bedbugs on a budget. In case you can’t afford a professional exterminator, we’ll describe all the steps to take. 

There’s just one problem. 

It is possible for bedbugs to return after treatment. A study found that nearly a quarter of bed bug-treated homes faced resurgences after a year.

What causes bedbugs to return?

According to my research, there are three common reasons. 

The first problem is that homeowners don’t take proper steps to avoid re-infestations. They keep doing the same things that result in bedbug infestations.

Secondly, homeowners used DIY methods to get rid of bedbugs. The DIY methods work, but only if the infestation is very small. 

Bedbugs can be lured out of hiding by using a bed bug interceptor or by using bleach or boric acid. 

Bed bug nymphs and eggs are not eradicated by these methods because they don’t penetrate into their hiding places. You will have to deal with bed bug infestation again if you remove only the adults and not the eggs and nymphs. 

A third reason is that homeowners hired an inexperienced exterminator to remove bedbugs.

Inexperienced and unscrupulous bed bug controllers go from home to home and lure homeowners into availing of their services at a low price. 

Sadly, they do nothing. For bed bug extermination, only licensed and reliable pest controllers have the extensive experience and expertise needed. 

Hire a bed bug extermination company that is established and reliable. You should always do your due diligence before hiring any local exterminator so that you know their track record.

How do we prevent bed bug infestations and re-infestations?

The guide won’t be finished until you discover how to prevent bed bug infestations. 

It is always better to prevent than to cure. The steps that you’re about to discover will ensure that you don’t get infested with bedbugs.

Performing a quarterly pest inspection is the first and foremost step to avoid bed bug infestations and re-infestations after treatment. 

Your home will stay pest-free if you have quarterly pest control. In addition to bedbugs, it deals with other invasive pests such as roaches, fleas, and termites. 

A savvy homeowner knows the value of quarterly pest control. This prevents the infestation from becoming uncontrollable. 

You’ll save a lot of money in the long run because it’s way cheaper than the actual pest treatment.

Many pest control companies offer quarterly pest control, which gives you a full-service treatment if any pests are found in your home during the contract period. 

Secondly, you should avoid bringing discarded mattresses, sofas, and furniture into your home.

Any second-hand or yard sale items you buy should be carefully inspected for fecal spots and bed bug odor.

When you buy clothing or fabric from a second-hand shop, the first thing you must do is wash them in hot water. Put them in a drawer after washing them in hot water.

Thirdly, apartment dwellers should be aware of bed bug infestations in their buildings. 

When only one residence in a multi-family unit has bedbugs, the entire complex is more likely to be infested. Bedbugs can spread from home to home. 

Convince any apartment dwellers in your unit that they should treat their home for bedbugs if they have bedbugs.

The fourth step is to use bed bug interceptors. If you have already treated your home for bedbugs, then this step is more relevant for you.

You can use bed bug interceptors to see whether any bedbugs remain after treatment. Bedbugs are monitored in this way because visual inspections after treatment may not be sufficient to prove that you are bedbug-free.

The bed bug interceptors are small plastic plates you keep under the legs of your bed or any other furniture. These plates trap bedbugs that crawl or fall into them, but because the inner surface is slippery, they cannot escape.

These bedbugs can be put in a freezer, where they will freeze to death. Alternatively, they can be burned alive or crushed with a pencil. 

The best bed bug interceptors come with pheromones that attract bedbugs. 

You can use bed bug interceptors to determine if you have bedbugs in your home if you haven’t treated your home for bedbugs.

It’s important to remember that bed bug interceptors do not kill bedbugs. And they are unable to tell you the number of bedbugs in your home. 

A bed bug interceptor is a tool that can help you identify whether your home has bedbugs.


It is painful, costly, and stressful to deal with bed bug infestations. You have learned everything you need to know about bed bug infestation in this guide. 

Furthermore, you have learned what bedbugs look like, why they infest your homes, and what you can do to prevent them from returning.

The book provides a detailed explanation of why DIY methods of getting rid of bedbugs fail, as well as what the best treatment is. 

You should follow the steps presented on the pest and share it with your family and friends who are experiencing bed bug problems.